Cadmium chloride hydrate
Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate; Cadmium chloride hydrate (1:2.5); Cadmium chloride pentahydrate; Cadmium chloride, hydrate (2:5); [ChemIDplus] UN2570
Cadmium Compounds, Inorganic
Efflorescent solid; [Merck Index] White odorless powder; mp = 34 deg C; [MSDSonline]
Used in photography, textile dyeing, galvanoplasty, mirror manufacturing, lubricants, fungicides, pyrotechnics, and electroplating; [Merck Index] Used in tinning solution and to make cadmium sulfide (cadmium yellow); [Hawley]
An irritant; Very toxic by inhalation or ingestion; Oral LD50 (rat) = 665 mg/kg; A reproductive toxin in animal experiments; [MSDSonline] See "Cadmium" and the linked diseases.
Cd in urine = 5 ug/g creatinine; Cd in blood = 5 ug/L; sampling time not critical; "Monitoring in blood should be preferred during the initial year of exposure and whenever changes in the degree of exposure are suspected." [ACGIH]
Skin Designation (ACGIH)
0.01 mg/m3, as Cd ( 0.002 mg/m3, as Cd, respirable fraction)
0.005 mg/m3, as Cd, see 29 CFR 1910.1027
9 mg/m3, as Cd
The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Cadmium compound."
Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:
Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: