Coal tar

Agent Name
Coal tar
CAS Number
Major Category
Other Classes
Carbo-cort; Coal tar extract; Coal tar ointment; Coal tar solution USP; Coal tars; Coke-oven tar; Coking tar; Crude coal tar; Estar (skin treatment); Impervotar; KC 261; Lavatar; Picis carbonis; Pixalbol; Polytar bath; RT 7 (coal tar); Tar, coal; Tar, coking; Tarcron 180; Tarcron 180L; Tarcron 230; Zetar; [ChemIDplus]
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Brownish to black, thick liquid/semisolid substance with naphthalene-like odor; [HSDB] 0-2% benzene, toluene, & xylene; 16-18% phenols, cresols, & naphthalene; 8-10% naphthalene derivatives; 16-20% anthracene oils; and 50% pitch; [CHEMINFO MSDS]
Used in surface coatings and sealants (walls, insulation, pipes, roofs, and roads); Used to produce plastics, solvents, dyes, and drugs for psoriasis; Used as a fuel in open hearth furnaces in the steel industry; [HSDB]
May cause first degree burns after short exposure and second degree burns after longer contact; [CHRIS] NIOSH considers coal tar, coal tar pitch, and creosote to be coal tar products. Wood creosote (8021-39-4) is derived from the distillation of beechwood tar; it is yellow, transparent, and chemically distinct from coal tar creosote. [ATSDR ToxProfiles] Chronic exposure to coal tar and its vapors is associated with an increased risk for cancer of the lungs, kidneys, skin, and bladder. Coal tar is a potential photosensitizer. [CHEMINFO MSDS] Coal tar creosote (8001-58-9) and Coal tar pitch volatiles 65996-93-2) are covered separately. Coal-tar pitch is classified as 1 (IARC) and K (NTP); [Guide to Occupational Exposure Values] See "Coal-tar distillation."
Biomedical References

Exposure Assessment

Explanatory Notes
For occupational exposure limits, see "Coal tar pitch volatiles."
high ambient temp required

Adverse Effects

PICD (photoirritant contact dermatitis)
IARC Carcinogen
NTP Carcinogen
Human carcinogen

Diseases, Processes, and Activities Linked to This Agent


Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:


Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: