Online Books and Databases

  1. ATSDR Case Studies in Environmental Medicine. Atlanta: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 1990-97. New editions are now available on the web.
  2. ATSDR Medical Management - "The Medical Management Guidelines (MMGs) for Acute Chemical Exposures were developed by ATSDR to aid emergency department physicians and other emergency healthcare professionals who manage acute exposures resulting from chemical incidents."
  3. ATSDR ToxFAQs - "The ATSDR ToxFAQs is a series of summaries about hazardous substances developed by the ATSDR Division of Toxicology." Each ToxFAQ is linked to the full Toxicological Profile.
  4. ATSDR ToxProfiles - "The ATSDR toxicological profile succinctly characterizes the toxicologic and adverse health effects information for the hazardous substance described here. Each peer-reviewed profile identifies and reviews the key literature that describes a hazardous substance's toxicologic properties."
  5. CAMEO - A database of over 6,000 chemicals with information about fire and explosive hazards and health effects developed by EPA and NOAA to assist emergency responders.
  6. ChemIDplus - A database of over 379,000 records and over 257,000 chemical structures at the National Library of Medicine. Document sites accessed through ChemIDplus include: IUCLID (International Uniform Chemical Information Database) and EPA HPVIS (High Production Volume Information System).
  7. CHEMINFO - Available online from CCOHS.
  8. CHRIS_ - Chemical Hazards Response Information System from the United States Coast Guard.
  9. eChemPortalECHA - European Chemicals Agency's Dissemination portal with information on chemical substances registered under REACH; ESIS - Euopean chemical substances information system.
  10. EPA Fact Sheets - Health effects of chemicals defined as hazardous by the Clean Air Act.
  11. EPA IRIS - The Integrated Risk Information System is a database of chemicals and their human health effects including carcinogenic and chronic noncarcinogenic effects.
  12. EPA Pesticides - Reigart JR, Roberts JR (eds). Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisonings, 5th Ed. Washington DC: EPA, 1999.
  13. EPA Pesticide Chemical Search - Conventional, Antimicrobial and Biopesticide Active Ingredients.
  14. ERG 2016 Emergency Response Guidebook.
  15. EXTOXNET - Pesticide Information Profiles.
  16. Health Council  - "The health council of the Netherlands is an independent advisory body charged with providing Ministers and Parliament with scientific advice on public health matters."
  17. HMT - Hazardous Materials Table
  18. HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank The database contains over 5,000 data profiles on potentially toxic chemical substances. It was updated by specialists at the US National Library of Medicine and was peer reviewed by the Scientific Review Panel.
  19. ICSC International Chemical Safety Cards.
  20. IDLH - Documentation for Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health Concentrations.
  21. ILO Encyclo - Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety, online ed., Stellman JM, ed. (ILO, 2012)
  22. INCHEM - Chemical Safety Information from Intergovernmental Organizations. Document sites accessed through INCHEM include: JMPR (Joint Meeting on Pesticide Residues) and JECFA (Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives).
  23. Malo J-L, Chan-Yeung M. Agents Causing Occupational Asthma with Key References.
  24. Merck Manual - Kaplan JL, Porter RS (eds). The Merck Manual, 20th Ed. Merck & Co., Inc., 2018. 
  25. MSDSonline - Contains more than 2 million manufacturer-original files in an indexed and searchable electronic format. (Subscription required.)
  26. NJ-HSFS - N.J. Department of Health Hazardous Substance Fact Sheets.
  27. NIOSH - NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards. The web site has links to the DOT ID & Guide, IDLH documentation, ICSC Cards and "Medical Tests."
  28. NIOSH CPC - Recommendations for Chemical Protective Clothing, February 1998/Updated April 12, 1999.
  29. NIOSH Guidelines for Chemical Hazards - Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards was first published by NIOSH in 1981 with additions and revisions in 1988, 1992, and 1995. 467 chemicals are covered.
  30. NIOSHTIC - "NIOSHTIC® is a bibliographic database which provides comprehensive international coverage of documents on occupational health and safety, as well as related fields. It contains detailed summaries of over 200,000 articles, reports and publications, spanning over 100 years. OSHLINE™ complements the coverage of NIOSHTIC®, which was discontinued in mid-1998." Available at CCOHS.
  31. NIOSHTIC-2 - "NIOSHTIC-2 contains approximately 32,000 occupational safety and health information resource citations. The majority of the resources (20,000) date from 1971 to the present."
  32. NPIRS - The National Pesticide Information Retrieval System has brief registration information on approximately 90,000 products.
  33. NTP - National Toxicology Program 12th Report on Carcinogens
  34. OSHA - OSHA Technical Links.
  35. PubChem - "PubChem is an open chemistry database at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). 'Open' means that you can put your scientific data in PubChem and that others may use it."
  36. Sax - Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials. 2010. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  37. ToxPlanet - "Our Federated Search engine searches the content from 500+ websites and quickly delivers relevant literature."
  38. Transfer of Drugs and Other Chemicals into Human Milk - American Academy of Pediatrics.
  39. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. "It contains nearly 1000 major articles, written by some 3,000 authors who are experts in their fields and affiliated to leading chemical companies or research institutes." Full-text available by subscription.

Books and Journal Articles

  1. ACGIH - Documentation of the TLVs and BEIs, 7th Ed. Cincinnati: ACGIH Worldwide, 2020.
  2. AIHA - Workplace Environmental Exposure Level Guides, Complete Set and Update Set. Fairfax, VA: AIHA, 2008.
  3. Adami HO, Hunter D, Trichopoulos D (eds)._ Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology._ New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
  4. Adams, RM (ed). Occupational Skin Diseases, 3rd Ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1999.
  5. AHLS Walter FG (ed). Advanced HAZMAT Life Support Provider Manual, 3rd Ed. Tucson: University of Arizona, 2003.
  6. Anttila S, Boffetta P (eds). Occupational Cancers. London: Springer-Verlag, 2014.
  7. Brown JA. An internet database for the classification and dissemination of information about hazardous chemicals and occupational diseases. Am J Ind Med. 2008; 51: 428-35.
  8. Burke R. Hazardous Materials Chemistry for Emergency Responders. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publishers, 1997.
  9. Burgess WA. _Recognition of Health Hazards in Industry, _2nd Ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1995.
  10. Cecil - Goldman L, Schafer AI (eds). Cecil Medicine, 26th Ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier, 2020.
  11. Chan-Yeung M, Malo J-L, Bernstein DI (eds.) Asthma in the Workplace, 4th Ed. New York: Taylor & Francis, 2013.
  12. Christiani DC. Chapters on Bronchitis, Chronic and Emphysema. In: Levy BS, Wagner GR, Rest KM, Weeks JL (eds). Preventing Occupational Disease and Injury, 2nd Ed. Washington DC: APHA, 2005.
  13. Crosby DG. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
  14. CSH - Baldwin DG, Williams ME, Norman SD. Chemical Safety Handbook: For the Semiconductor, Electronics, and Photovoltaic Industries, 4th Ed. Beverly Farms, MA: OEM Press, 2015.
  15. Ellenhorn, MJ (ed). Ellenhorn's Medical Toxicology, 2nd Ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1997
  16. Ford MD, Delaney KA, Ling LJ, Erickson T (eds). Clinical Toxicology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 2001.
  17. Frazier LM, Hage ML (eds). Reproductive Hazards of the Workplace. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1998.
  18. Ghaemi, SN. A Clinician's Guide to Statistics and Epidemiology in Mental Health. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. 
  19. Goldfrank - Nelson LS et al (eds). Goldfrank's Toxicologic Emergencies, 9th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2011.
  20. Guide to Occupational Exposure Values - Compiled by ACGIH. Cincinnati: ACGIH Worldwide, 2020.
  21. Haddad Shannon MW, Borron SW, Burns MJ (eds). Haddad and Winchester's Clinical Management of Poisoning and Drug Overdose, 4th Ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2007.
  22. Harber P, Schenker MB, Balmes JR (eds). Occupational and Environmental Respiratory Diseases. St. Louis: Mosby, 1996.
  23. Harrison - Longo DL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Jameson JL, Loscalzo J (eds). Harrison's Manual of Medicine, 20th Ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 2020.
  24. Hawley - Lewis RJ. _Hawley’s Condensed Chemical Dictionary, _15th Ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2007.
  25. Hayes AW, Kruger CL (eds). Principles and Methods of Toxicology, 6th Ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2014.
  26. Hendrick DJ, Burge PS, Beckett WS, Churg A (eds). Occupational Disorders of the Lung. Edinburgh: Saunders, 2002.
  27. Hennekens CH, Buring JE. Epidemiology in Medicine. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1987.
  28. Kanerva - Rustemeyer L, Elsner P, John SM, Maibach HI (eds). Kanerva's Occupational Dermatology, 2nd Ed. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2012.
  29. Klaassen CD (ed). _Casarett & Doull's Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons. _New York: McGraw-Hill, 2008.
  30. Krieger R (ed). Hayes' Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology, 3rd Ed. San Diego: Elsevier, 2010.
  31. LaDou J, Harrison R (eds). Current Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 5th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2014.
  32. Leiken JB, Paloucek FP. Poisoning and Toxicology Handbook, 4th Ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2008.
  33. Levy BS, Wegman DH, Baron SL, Sokas RK (eds). _Occupational and Environmental Health: Recognizing and Preventing Disease and Injury, _6th Ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
  34. Levy BS, Wagner GR, Rest KM, Weeks JL (eds). Preventing Occupational Disease and Injury, 2nd Ed. Washington DC: APHA, 2005.
  35. Luderer U, Cullen MR, Mattison DR. Disorders of Reproduction and Development. In: Rosenstock L, Cullen MR, Brodkin CA, Redlich CA (eds). Textbook of Clinical Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2nd Ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders, 2004.
  36. Luttrell WE, Jederberg WW, Still KR (eds). Toxicology Principles for the Industrial Hygienist. Fairfax, VA: American Industrial Hygiene Association, 2008.
  37. Marks JG, DeLeo VA. Contact and Occupational Dermatology, 2nd Ed. St. Louis: Mosby, 1997.
  38. Merck Index - O’Neil MJ, Heckelman PE, Dobbelaar PH, Roman KJ (eds). The Merck Index, An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals, 15th Ed. Cambridge, UK: The Royal Society of Chemistry, 2013. (Now available online at
  39. Mullan RJ, Murthy LI. Occupational Sentinel Health Events: An Up-Dated List for Physician Recognition and Public Health Surveillance. Am J Ind Med 1991;19:775-799.
  40. Mason RJ, Broaddus VC, Murray JF, Nadel JA (eds). Textbook of Respiratory Medicine, 4th Ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders, 2005.
  41. Nordberg GF, Fowler BA, Nordberg M (eds). Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals, 4th Ed. Boston: Elsevier, 2015.
  42. Olson KR (ed). Poisoning & Drug Overdose, 7th Ed. New York: Lange Medical Books/McGraw-Hill, 2018.
  43. Quick CPC - Forsberg K, Mansdorf SZ. Quick Selection Guide to Chemical Protective Clothing, 5th Ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Interscience, 2007.
  44. REPROTOX - Scialli AR, Lione A, Boyle Padgett GK. Reproductive Effects of Chemical, Physical, and Biological Agents. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.
  45. Rom WN (ed). _Environmental and Occupational Medicine, _4th Ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2007.
  46. Rosenstock L, Cullen MR, Brodkin CA, Redlich CA (eds). Textbook of Clinical Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2nd Ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders, 2004.
  47. Schottenfeld D, Fraumeni JF (eds). Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, 3rd Ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  48. Schottenfeld 4th - Thun MJ, Linet MS, Cerhan JR, Haiman CA, Schottenfeld D (eds). Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, 4th Ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2018.
  49. Schrier RW. Manual of Nephrology, 6th Ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2005.
  50. Siemiatycki J, Richardson L, Boffetta P. Occupation. In: Schottenfeld D, Fraumeni JF. Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, 3rd Ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  51. Sullivan JB, Krieger GR (eds). Clinical Environmental Health and Toxic Exposures. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2001.
  52. TDR - Ryan RP, Terry CE, Leffingwell SS (eds). Toxicology Desk Reference: The Toxic Exposure and Medical Monitoring Index, 5th Ed. Washington DC: Taylor & Francis, 1999.
  53. TLVs and BEIs - _Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents & Biological Exposure Indices. _Cincinnati: ACGIH, 2020.
  54. Wald PH, Stave GM (eds). Physical and Biological Hazards of the Workplace, 2nd Ed. New York: Wiley Interscience, 2002.
  55. Wallace RB. Maxcy-Rosenau-Last Public Health & Preventive Medicine, 15th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2008.
  56. Wallach - Williamson MA, Snyder LM (eds). Wallach's Interpretation of Diagnostic Tests, 10th Ed. Philadelphia: Wolter Kluwer, 2015.
  57. Ward E. Chapters on Bladder, Colorectal, Esophageal, Kidney, Laryngeal, Sino-Nasal, Pancreatic, and Stomach Cancer. In: Levy BS, Wagner GR, Rest KM, Weeks JL (eds). Preventing Occupational Disease and Injury, 2nd Ed. Washington DC: APHA, 2005.
  58. White GM, Cox NH. Diseases of the Skin: A Color Atlas and Text. London: Mosby, 2000.
  59. Williams PL, James RC, Roberts SM. Principles of Toxicology: Environmental and Industrial Applications, 2nd Ed. New York: Wiley-Interscience, 2000.
  60. Zenz C, Dickerson BO, Horvath EP (eds). Occupational Medicine, 3rd Ed. St. Louis: Mosby, 1994.
  61. Zimmerman HJ. Hepatotoxicity. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 1999.

Infectious Disease References: See Bibliography Page at

References for Ionizing Radiation

  1. Argonne - Radiological fact sheets from Argonne National Laboratory: Click the links on this PDF page to basic radiological concepts and 29 radionuclides. Page no longer available.
  2. Boice JD Jr. Ionizing Radiation. In: Schottenfeld D, Fraumeni JF. Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, 3rd Ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  3. CDC Radiological Terrorism: Emergency Management Pocket Guide for Clinicians. CDC website.
  4. EPA Radionuclides - Fact sheets on the 12 most common radionuclides.
  5. Gollnick DA. Basic Radiation Protection Technology, 4th Ed. Altadena, CA: Pacific Radiation Corporation, 2000.
  6. Gusev IA, Guskova AK, Mettler FA. Medical Management of Radiation Accidents, 2nd Ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2001.
  7. NRC 10 CFR Part 20 - Standards for Protection Against Radiation
  8. NRC ALIs - From Appendix B to Part 20--Annual Limits on Intake
  9. ORCBS - Office of Radiation, Chemical & Biological Safety at Michigan State University
  10. REMM - Radiation Event Medical Management
  11. Shapiro J. Radiation Protection: A Guide for Scientists, Regulators, and Physicians, 4th Ed. Cambridge, Ma: Harvard University Press, 2002.
  12. Walker SJ. Permissible Dose: A History of Radiation Protection in the Twentieth Century. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.
  13. Waltar AE. Radiation and Modern Life. New York: Prometheus Books, 2004.
  14. REAC/TS - Radiation Emergency Medicine Reference Manual. Oak Ridge, TN: Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site, 2006.
  15. Waselenko JK, et al. Medical Management of the Acute Radiation Syndrome: Recommendations of the Strategic National Stockpile Radiation Working Group. Ann Intern Med. 2004;140:1037-1051.
  16. For other online references, see Ionizing Radiation.

Other Web Sites

  2. BC Cancer Agency - Cancer Risk Factors
  3. IARC - List of IARC Evaluations
  4. ICD-9 - International Classification of Diseases, ICD-9-CM, 6th Edition
  5. IRSST - Occupational Health and Safety Research Institute
  6. NAICS - North American Industry Classification System
  7. SIC - Standard Industrial Codes Search
  8. SOC - Standard Occupational Classification System

Words highlighted in bold are reference tags used throughout the Haz-Map database.

Revised December 10, 2019