Nicotinic acid

Agent Name
Nicotinic acid
Alternative Name
CAS Number
Major Category
Biological Agents
Nicotinic acid formula graphical representation
3-Carboxylpyridine; 3-Carboxypyridine; Acide nicotinique [INN-French]; Acido nicotinico [INN-Spanish]; Acidum nicotinicum [INN-Latin]; Akotin; Apelagrin; Bionic; Daskil; Davitamon PP; Diacin; Direktan; Efacin; Enduracin; Kyselina nikotinova [Czech]; Linic; NAH; NICO; Naotin; Niac; Niacin; Niacor; Niaspan; Niaspan Titration Starter Pack; Nicacid; Nicagin; Nicamin; Nicangin; Nico-400; Nico-Span; Nicobid; Nicocap; Nicocidin; Nicocrisina; Nicodan; Nicodelmine; Nicodon; Nicolar; Niconacid; Niconat; Niconazid; Nicorol; Nicosan 3; Nicoside; Nicosyl; Nicotamin; Nicotene; Nicotil; Nicotine acid; Nicotinipca; Nicotinsaure [German]; Nicovasan; Nicovasen; Nicyl; Nipellen; Nyclin; Pellagramin; Pellagrin; Pelonin; Peviton; Pyridine-3-carboxylic acid; Pyridine-beta-carboxylic acid; Pyridine-carboxylique-3 [French]; S115; SK-Niacin; SR 4390; Slo-niacin; Tega-Span; Tinic; Vitaplex N; Wampocap; 3-Pyridinecarboxylic acid; Pyridinecarboxylic acid, 3-; [ChemIDplus]
Vitamins and Derivatives
White solid; [ICSC] Colorless odorless solid; [HSDB] White powder; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]
Occurs naturally especially in liver, fish, yeast, and cereal grains; Used as a drug (antilipemic and vitamin); [Merck Index] Used in the chemical, agricultural, animal feed, and food industries, in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, as a food additive, intermediate, and laboratory chemical; [IUCLID] Used as a medication, nutrient, in animal feeds, enriched flours, as a chemical intermediate, and in electroplating bathes; [HSDB] Used as a nutritional supplement; [FDA] Permitted for use as an inert ingredient in non-food pesticide products; [EPA]
A mild eye irritant; [ICSC] Flushing of the skin accompanied by itching, tingling, and warmness have been observed following occupational exposure; [IUCLID] Ingestion of large amounts, e.g., by drug abusers attempting to mask drugs in the urine, can cause vomiting, abdominal pain, dizziness, and hypoglycemia followed by persistent hyperglycemia, acidosis, hypotension, and coagulopathy; Also, chronic, excessive use may cause hepatitis; [Olson, p. 445-6] May cause mild upper respiratory tract irritation; [NTP] An irritant that may cause severe eye irritation; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Nicotinamide."
Biomedical References

Exposure Assessment

Vapor Pressure
5.7E-06 mm Hg

Adverse Effects

Hepatoxic (a) from occupational exposure (secondary effect) or (b) in animal studies or in humans after ingestion

Diseases, Processes, and Activities Linked to This Agent


Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: