Human immunodeficiency virus

Agent Name
Human immunodeficiency virus
Major Category
Biological Agents
AIDS virus;
Infectious Agents
The two phases of HIV infection are primary and chronic. AIDS-related opportunistic infections include Candida esophagitis, Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia, Tuberculosis, and other viral, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic infections. Associated tumors include invasive cervical cancer, Kaposi's sarcoma, and lymphoma. [CDC website] "There is sufficient evidence in humans for the carcinogenicity of infection with HIV-1. Infection with HIV-1 causes cancer of the cervix, anus, and conjunctiva, and Kaposi sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and Hodgkin lymphoma." [IARC Monograph 100B]
Biomedical References

Adverse Effects

IARC Carcinogen

Diseases, Processes, and Activities Linked to This Agent


Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: