Benzyldimethylstearylammonium chloride

Agent Name
Benzyldimethylstearylammonium chloride
CAS Number
Major Category
Nitrogen Compounds
Benzyldimethylstearylammonium chloride formula graphical representation
2B; 2B (onium compound); Algene SC 25; Alkaquat DMB-ST; Ammonium, benzyldimethyloctadecyl-, chloride; Ammonyx 4; Ammonyx 4002; Ammonyx 485; Ammonyx 490; Ammonyx CA special; Arquad DM18B-90; Barquat SB-25; Benzenemethanaminium, N,N-dimethyl-N-octadecyl-, chloride; Benzyldimethyloctadecylammonium chloride; Benzyloctadecyldimethylammonium chloride; Benzylstearyldimethylammonium chloride; Carsoquat sdq-25; Carsoquat sdq-85; Cation S (surfactant); Dimethyl(N-octadecylphenylmethyl)ammonium chloride; Dimethylbenzyloctadecylammonium chloride; Dimethyloctadecylbenzylammonium chloride; Incroquat SDQ 25; Intexan SB-85; Intexsan SB-85; J Soft C 4; Larostat HTS 905; Mackernium SDC 25; Mackernium SDC 85; Maquat SC 18; N-Octadecyl-N-benzyl-N,N-dimethylammonium chloride; Nissan cation S2-100; Octadecylbenzyldimethylammonium chloride; Octadecyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride; Orthosan MB; Quaternol 1; SDQ 25; SDQ 85; Stearalkonium chloride; Stearyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride; Stebac; Stedbac; Swanol CA 1485; Tallow benzyl dimethyl ammonium chloride; Triton CG 400; Triton CG 500; Triton X-40; Triton X-400; Varisoft SDC 85; [ChemIDplus]
Quaternary Amines
White solid or viscous liquid; [HSDB] White crystalline powder; [MSDSonline]
Used as a cationic surfactant, wetting agent, emulsifier, germicide, fungicide, disinfectant, and slimicide; Used in industrial cleaners, emulsion polymerization processes, paper and textile processing, hair colors and conditioners (softener), lipsticks and lotions (emollient), textiles (softener), hair sprays (antistatic agent), and contraceptive formulations; [HSDB] Quaternary ammonium compounds are also used as algaecides/slimicides (swimming pools, industrial water reservoirs, and farm ponds), antiseptics for cleaning wounds, antistatic agents for textiles, softeners for paper products, and pigment dispersers; [IPCS-PIMs]
A skin and eye irritant; May damage eyes; [HSDB] Allergic contact dermatitis is infrequently documented for quaternary ammonium compounds; [Marks, p. 266] Quaternary ammonium compounds have curare-like properties when concentrated solutions are ingested; Affected patients may have methemoglobinemia and hemolysis and die within 1-3 hours; Elevated liver function tests were reported; Concentrated solutions can cause burns; No data on carcinogenicity or teratogenicity; [IPCS-PIMs] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; [MSDSonline] See "Benzalkonium chloride."
Biomedical References

Exposure Assessment

Lethal Concentration
LC50 (rat) = 3,280 mg/m3/4h

Adverse Effects

Skin Sensitizer
MetHgb is secondary toxic effect
Other CNS neurotoxin
Hepatoxic (a) from occupational exposure (secondary effect) or (b) in animal studies or in humans after ingestion
Skin burns

Diseases, Processes, and Activities Linked to This Agent


Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: