Toxic Gases & Vapors
Antimony hydride; Antimony trihydride; Hydrogen antimonide; [NIOSH] UN2676
Colorless gas with a disagreeable odor like hydrogen sulfide; [NIOSH] Antimony hydride is 4 times as heavy as air--accumulates in low-lying areas; [ACGIH]
Stibine gas may be formed during battery overcharging or when antimony compounds come in contact with an acid plus a reducing substance such as zinc. Stibine is used as a dopant in the microelectronics industry. Has been used as a fumigant; [ACGIH]
A few cases of occupational stibine poisoning have been reported. Like arsine, stibine is a hemolytic agent that also injures the kidneys and liver. [ACGIH] A respiratory tract irritant that may have effects on the blood (hemolysis), liver, kidneys, and CNS; [ICSC] Liquefied gas may cause burns or frostbite; [CAMEO] Animals exposed to lethal concentrations develop anemia, hemoglobinuria, and acute renal failure. [HSDB] See "Antimony" and linked occupational diseases.
Skin Designation (ACGIH)
Excerpts from Documentation for IDLHs
Other animal data: It has been reported that exposure of dogs and cats to 40 to 45 ppm for 1 hour has proven dangerous [Webster 1946].
LCLo (mice) = 100 ppm/1H
Hepatoxic (a) from occupational exposure (secondary effect) or (b) in animal studies or in humans after ingestion
Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:
Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: