Agent Name
Alternative Name
Zinc dimethyldithiocarbamate
CAS Number
Major Category
Ziram formula graphical representation
Zinc dimethyldithiocarbamate; (T-4)-Bis(dimethyldithiocarbamato-S,S')zinc (9CI); Aaprotect; Aaprotent; Aavolex; Aazira; Accelerator L; Aceto ZDED; Aceto zdmd; Alcobam ZM; Antene; Bis(N,N-dimetil-ditiocarbammato) di zinco [Italian]; Bis(dimethylcarbamodithioato-S,S')zinc; Bis(dimethyldithiocarbamato)zinc; Bis-dimethyldithiocarbamate de zinc [French]; Carbamic acid, dimethyldithio-, zinc salt (2:1); Carbamodithioic acid, dimethyl-, zinc salt; Carbazinc; Corona corozate; Corozate; Crittam; Crittan; Cuman; Cuman L; Cymate; Dimethylcarbamodithioic acid, zinc complex; Dimethylcarbamodithioic acid, zinc salt; Dimethyldithiocarbamate zinc salt; Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt; Drupina 90; ENT 988; Eptac 1; Fuclasin; Fuclasin Ultra; Fuclasin-ultra; Fuklasin; Fungostop; Hermat ZDM; Hexazir; Karbam White; Methasan; Methazate; Methyl Ziram; Methyl zimate; Methyl zineb; Methyl zineb (VAN); Mezene; Micosin F30; Milbam; Molurame; Mycronil; Nocceler pz; Orchard brand ziram; Pomarsol Z forte; Pomarzol Z-forte; Prodaram; Ramedit; Rhodiacid; Rhodiacid (VAN); Rodisan; Sabceler PZ; Soxinal PZ; Soxinol PZ; Tricarbamix Z; Trikagol; Triscabol; Tsimat; Tsiram [Russian]; Vancide MA-96; Vancide MZ-96; Vulcacure ZM; Vulkacit L; Vulkacite L; Weisstaub; Z 75; Z-C spray; Z-C-Spray; Zarlate; Zerlate; Zimate; Zimate, methyl; Zinc N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamate; Zinc bis(dimethyldithiocarbamate); Zinc bis(dimethyldithiocarbamoyl) disulfide; Zinc bis(dimethyldithiocarbamoyl)disulphide; Zinc bis(dimethylthiocarbamoyl) disulfide; Zinc bis(dimethylthiocarbamoyl)disulfide; Zinc dimethyl dithiocarbamate; Zinc, bis(dimethylcarbamodithioato-S,S')-, (T-4)-; Zinc, bis(dimethyldithiocarbamato)-; Zink-(N,N-dimethyl-dithiocarbamat) [German]; Zink-bis(N,N-dimethyl-dithiocarbamaat) [Dutch]; Zink-bis(N,N-dimethyl-dithiocarbamat) [German]; Zinkcarbamate; Ziradin; Ziram (VAN); Ziram Granuflo; Ziram technical; Zirame; Zirame [ISO-French]; Ziramvis; Zirasan; Zirasan 90; Zirberk; Ziretec; Zirex 90; Zirex Fungicide; Ziride; Zirthane; Zitox; Zinc, bis(dimethylcarbamodithioato-S,S')-; Zinc, bis(dimethylcarbamodithioato-S,S')-, (beta-4)-; Zinc, bis(dimethylcarbamodithioato-kappaS,kappaS')-, (T-4)-; [ChemIDplus] UN2771
Dithiocarbamates (Pesticide)
White solid; [ICSC] White solid; Formulated as water dispensable granules, flowable concentrate, and wettable powder for dust and spray; [Reference #2] White powder; [Aldrich MSDS]
Used as a fungicide and rubber accelerator; [Kanerva, p. 1847] Also used in adhesives, paper coatings, industrial cooling water, latex coated items, neoprene, paper and paperboard, plastics, textiles, as bird and rodent repellent, and for control of snails; [HSDB] Used as an agricultural fungicide for stone and pome fruits, nuts, vegetables, turf, ornamentals, and other crops; Also used as a rabbit repellent and in industrial adhesives, paper and paper products, textiles, caulking, latex paints, and wall boards; [Reference #2]
Allergic contact dermatitis reported in farmworkers; [Kanerva, p. 1847] Danger of skin sensitization; [MAK] The EBCDCs (ethylenebisdithiocarbamates) can cause irritant and allergic contact dermatitis. EBDCs include ferbam, vapam, maneb, mancozeb, zineb, thiram, and ziram. They are also used as rubber accelerators. Ethylene thiourea (ETU), which may contaminate EBCDCs, is carcinogenic and teratogenic in animal experiments. [LaDou, p. 610] ETU is the major metabolite of EBDCs. [Krieger, p. 1690] A skin, respiratory tract, and severe eye irritant; May cause skin sensitization; Tumors observed in experimental animals with unknown relevance to humans; [ICSC] The primary target organs for toxicity seem to be the nervous system, liver, and thyroid; In rats a single oral dose can cause neurological impairment. Histopathology of the liver (sometimes with corresponding increases in hepatic serum enzyme levels) observed in sub-chronic and chronic rat studies and carcinogenicity study of mice; Classified as "suggestive of carcinogenicity" in humans; [Reference #2] See the agent, "Ethylene thiourea."
Reference Link #1
Biomedical References

Exposure Assessment

0.01 mg/m3, inhalable fraction
Vapor Pressure
7.5E-09 mm Hg
Lethal Concentration
LC50 (rat) = 70 mg/m3
Explanatory Notes
The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Dithiocarbamate pesticide, solid, toxic." VP = 7.5X10-9 mmHg @ 0 deg C; [HSDB]
Reference Link #2

Adverse Effects

Skin Sensitizer
Other CNS neurotoxin
Hepatoxic (a) from occupational exposure (secondary effect) or (b) in animal studies or in humans after ingestion
Reproductive Toxin
IARC Carcinogen
Not classifiable

Diseases, Processes, and Activities Linked to This Agent


Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: