Strong inorganic acid mists

Agent Name
Strong inorganic acid mists
Major Category
Other Uses
Exposures, Complex
Workers are exposed in manufacturing (phosphate fertilizer, isopropanol, synthetic ethanol, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, and lead batteries), smelting copper, and pickling and other acid treatments of metals; Highest potential average exposure levels to sulfuric acid: metal pickling and production of sulfuric acid and isopropanol; Moderate: production of soap and detergent, nitric acid, and ethanol; Low: copper and zinc refining and production of fertilizer and lead batteries; Other minor uses of sulfuric acid include petroleum refining, mining, metallurgy and ore processing, pulp and paper processing, cellulose fibers production, and water treatment; [Reference #1]
A Group 1 carcinogen: cancer of the larynx; High exposures (> 1 mg/m3) occurred before 1970. "In the early 1970s, the exposure started to decline due to the use of lower concentrations of the acids and improved industrial control measures." [Reference #1]
Biomedical References

Adverse Effects

IARC Carcinogen

Diseases, Processes, and Activities Linked to This Agent


Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: