Hydrocarbons, terpene processing by-products

Agent Name
Hydrocarbons, terpene processing by-products
CAS Number
Major Category
Biological Agents
Terpene hydrocarbons, by product; [ChemIDplus] UN2319; UN2052 (Dipentene)
Colorless liquid; [Acros Organics MSDS]
Monoterpene hydrocarbons are found in all plants and common in foods; Used as intermediates, odor agents, flavoring agents, and solvents for cleaning and degreasing in products including soaps, detergents, automotive care products, rubber and plastic products, polishes, and sanitation products; [EPA ChAMP: Hazard Characterization: Monoterpene Hydrocarbons Category - 2009] Used to make large scale and fine chemicals, to formulate fragrances, adhesives-sealants, coatings-inks, binders-release agents, metal working fluids-rolling oils, mining chemicals, lubricants, functional fluids, blowing agents, fuels, cleaning agents, laboratory reagents, in oil and gas field drilling and production, polymer processing, rubber production, de-icing and anti-icing applications, road and construction operations, agrochemicals, explosives manufacture and use, and various consumer products; [ExPub: ECHA REACH Registrations] Permitted for use as an inert ingredient in non-food pesticide products; [EPA]
Composed of 67-95% monoterpene hydrocarbons; Members of the monoterpene hydrocarbons category demonstrate skin sensitization in guinea pigs and humans; Histopathological liver changes in repeated-dose oral studies of mice at 1,000 mg/kg/day; [EPA ChAMP: Hazard Characterization: Monoterpene Hydrocarbons Category - 2009] A skin and eye irritant; May cause skin sensitization; An aspiration hazard by ingestion (may cause lung injury); [Acros Organics MSDS]
Biomedical References

Exposure Assessment

Explanatory Notes
The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Terpene hydrocarbons, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects

Skin Sensitizer
Hepatoxic (a) from occupational exposure (secondary effect) or (b) in animal studies or in humans after ingestion

Diseases, Processes, and Activities Linked to This Agent


Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: