Gluconic acid

Agent Name
Gluconic acid
CAS Number
Major Category
Other Classes
Gluconic acid formula graphical representation
D-Gluconic acid; 2,3,4,5,6-Pentahydroxyhexanoic acid; Dextronic acid; Glosanto; Gluconic acid (VAN); Gluconic acid, D-; Glycogenic acid; Pentahydroxycaproic acid; [ChemIDplus]
Organic Acids
Light brown solid; Commercial product is 50% aqueous solution; [Hawley] 50% aqueous solution: Pale yellow liquid; [MSDSonline]
Primary acid in honey; Used in pharmaceutical and food products, for cleaning and pickling metals, as a sequestrant, in paint strippers, and in alkaline rust removers; [Hawley] Used as a chelating agent, high alkalinity bottle cleanser, and finish remover; Used in the tanning and textile industries; [Merck Index] Important intermediate in carbohydrate metabolism in mammals; Used for industrial cleaning, metal surface treatment, textile bleach stabilizing, aluminum processing, and as a chelating agent in cement set retarding, cleaning products, personal care products, pharmaceuticals, and foods; [OECD SIDS: Gluconic acid and its derivatives - 2004]
Emergency treatment: Irritants; [HSDB] No significant adverse effects in chronic studies of animals; Reproductive studies negative; No data available on carcinogenicity or inhalation toxicity; [OECD SIDS: Gluconic acid and its derivatives - 2004] 50% aqueous solution: A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; [MSDSonline]
Reference Link #1
Biomedical References

Exposure Assessment

Vapor Pressure
3.72E-10 mm Hg

Adverse Effects

Toxic Pneumonitis
Skin burns

Diseases, Processes, and Activities Linked to This Agent