Cadmium dihydroxide; Cadmium hydroxide [Cadmium and cadmium compounds]; [ChemIDplus] UN2570
Cadmium Compounds, Inorganic
White solid; Absorbs carbon dioxide from air; [Hawley] White powder; [Merck Index]
Used in cadmium plating and in storage battery electrodes; [Hawley] Use is highly restricted in the EU; [eChemPortal: ESIS: EDEXIM] Used in nickel-cadmium accumulators and silver-cadmium batteries; [Ullmann]
An irritant; May be harmful by inhalation, skin absorption, or ingestion; [MSDSonline] See "Cadmium" and the linked diseases.
Cd in urine = 5 ug/g creatinine; Cd in blood = 5 ug/L; sampling time not critical; "Monitoring in blood should be preferred during the initial year of exposure and whenever changes in the degree of exposure are suspected." [ACGIH]
Skin Designation (ACGIH)
0.01 mg/m3, as Cd ( 0.002 mg/m3, as Cd, respirable fraction)
0.005 mg/m3, as Cd, see 29 CFR 1910.1027
9 mg/m3, as Cd
The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Cadmium compound."
Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:
Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: