Cadmium iodide

Agent Name
Cadmium iodide
CAS Number
7790-80-9
Formula
Cd-I2
Major Category
Metals
Cadmium iodide formula graphical representation
Synonyms
Cadmium diiodide; Cadmium iodide (CdI2); [ChemIDplus] UN2570
Category
Cadmium Compounds, Inorganic
Description
White odorless solid; Turns yellow on contact with air and light; [Hawley] Light green odorless powder; [MSDSonline]
Sources/Uses
Used in photography, process engraving, lithography, analytical chemistry, and electroplating; Also used as in lubricants, phosphors, and nematocides; [Hawley] Used for cadmium electrodeposition and in photoconductors; [Merck Index] Use is highly restricted in the EU; [eChemPortal: ESIS: EDEXIM]
Comments
An irritant; Danger of cumulative effects after ingestion or inhalation; Oral LD50 (rat) = 222 mg/kg; [MSDSonline] See "Cadmium" and the linked diseases.
Biomedical References

Exposure Assessment

BEI
Cd in urine = 5 ug/g creatinine; Cd in blood = 5 ug/L; sampling time not critical; "Monitoring in blood should be preferred during the initial year of exposure and whenever changes in the degree of exposure are suspected." [ACGIH]
Skin Designation (ACGIH)
Insufficient data
Bioaccumulates
Yes
TLV (ACGIH)
0.01 mg/m3, as Cd ( 0.002 mg/m3, as Cd, respirable fraction) [0.01 ppm, inhalable fraction and vapor (iodides)]
PEL (OSHA)
0.005 mg/m3, as Cd, see 29 CFR 1910.1027
IDLH (NIOSH)
9 mg/m3, as Cd
Explanatory Notes
The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Cadmium compound."

Adverse Effects

Nephrotoxin
Yes
Reproductive Toxin
Yes

Diseases, Processes, and Activities Linked to This Agent

Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: